Empowering the Elderly: A Comprehensive Look at Social Inclusion and Care Initiatives (2023)


In the 21st century, the global phenomenon of an aging population is reshaping societal dynamics. Every second, two individuals worldwide celebrate their 60th birthday, contributing to a staggering 810 million people aged 60 and above. Within the borders of our nation, Ecuador, 1,049,824 individuals are aged 65 or older, constituting 6.5% of the total population. As we move forward, the government is committed to policies that uphold the rights and recognize the value of the elderly, anticipating their participation to increase to 7.4% by 2020 and a projected 18% by 2054.

The Challenges Faced by the Elderly

With aging comes increased limitations in accessing essential resources, amplifying the need for care and attention. Shockingly, 45% of the elderly in Ecuador find themselves in conditions of poverty and extreme poverty. Rural areas bear a significant burden, with 42% of the elderly residing there. Additionally, 14.6% of impoverished households are comprised of a solitary elderly individual, highlighting the vulnerability of this demographic. Negligence and abandonment affect 14.9%, while a staggering 74.3% lack access to contributory-level social security.

Ministry of Economic and Social Inclusion's Approach

Recognizing aging as an active citizenship option, the Ministry of Inclusion, Economic and Social views aging positively. Their approach involves promoting dignified and healthy aging through active participation and empowerment within the family, society, and the state.

Services Offered

The Ministry operates through 14 Direct Care Centers across the country, catering to the elderly's various needs. These centers provide residential and day care services, alternative spaces, and home visits.

Direct Care Centers Details

  1. San Lorenzo:

    • Location: Calle Berenju y 26 de Agosto, San Lorenzo
    • Services: Residential and Day Care
    • Contact: 062-781-3312
  2. Cayambe:

    • Location: Rocafuerte OEO2 y 23 de julio, Cayambe
    • Services: Residential
    • Contact: 022-111-3303
  3. Patate:

    • Location: Guano, tras el estadio Timoteo
    • Services: Residential, Day Care, Alternative Spaces, Home Visits
    • Contact: 032-870-750
  4. Guano:

    • Location: La Matriz, Sector Bellavista
    • Services: Residential, Day Care, Alternative Spaces, Home Visits
    • Contact: 032-900-2084

... (Details for other centers)

Coverage and Collaboration

With 70,881 individuals covered in 2015 and collaborations nationwide, the Ministry strives to implement policies focusing on three pillars: social inclusion and participation, social protection, and care services.

Mission and Responsibilities

The Ministry's mission is to execute, supervise, and evaluate active public policies for the elderly, promoting positive aging, recognizing their rights, and preventing violations.

Directorate's Functions

The Directorate of the National Elderly Population is entrusted with formulating strategies, generating policies, ensuring implementation of plans, and coordinating intersectoral initiatives. It oversees the quality control of services, facilitates policy alignment with organizations, and proposes monitoring and evaluation guidelines.

Modalities of Care

Centers operate through various modalities, including residential care, day care, alternative spaces, and home care, optimizing resources for diverse elderly needs.

Residential Care Centers

These centers cater to individuals over 65 requiring special protection temporarily or permanently. The goal is to improve their quality of life through comprehensive care, recognizing their physical, social, and mental well-being.

Day Care Centers

Focusing on preventing institutionalization, discrimination, and isolation, day care centers offer integral attention to elderly individuals with mild to moderate dependence, promoting positive aging and active citizenship.

Alternative Spaces

Designed for independent elderly individuals, these spaces foster socialization, recreation, and revitalization, promoting positive and healthy aging.

Legal Framework

The Ecuadorian government recognizes the rights of the elderly, ensuring free and specialized healthcare, remunerated work based on capacity, access to dignified housing, universal retirement, transportation and entertainment discounts, and exemptions in notarial and registration fees.


In conclusion, the Ministry of Economic and Social Inclusion is at the forefront of addressing the challenges faced by the elderly in Ecuador. Through a multi-faceted approach encompassing social inclusion, protection, and care, the Ministry strives to empower the elderly and promote positive aging, thereby contributing significantly to the well-being of this vital segment of society.

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